Spain is an EU member so people with citizenship of the European Economic Area (EEA) will have no problem moving, living and working in Spain. When you arrive, there are some formalities such as getting a NIE (Foreigners Identity Number), registering in the local town hall and showing medical insurance.
Here are some of the ways to live in Spain if you are a citizen of a non-EEA country:
Work and Business Visas
Highly Qualified Professionals
If you have a recognized university degree or professional experience as well as a work contract or binding job offer, you may be eligible for an "EU Blue Card". The Blue Card is a four-year temporary work and residence permit. This also gives you free movement within the Schengen area and enables your family to join you. If you do not have a work contract or job offer, you can register on the EU Blue Card Network, where European employers can view your details and connect with you around job opportunities. This is also where you apply for the EU Blue Card.
If you have a job offer or are relocating with your company (TTI Visa)
If you’re going to work for a company in Spain, your employer will need to apply for your work permit and once it has been granted you can apply for residency. Before you move, check if your qualifications are recognized in Spain and make sure to translate references to Spanish.
For Training or Research (RIN)
You can get a residency visa if you are going to perform activities related to training, research, development and innovation.
Entrepreneurs and Business Activities (REM) visa
You will be required to produce a business plan that delivers an activity of interest in the area where you are applying or is innovative in nature. You should also be making a significant investment into the business or entrepreneurial activity.
There are two options:
- A startup visa, if you are outside of Spain and you need to come to Spain to make the necessary preparatory arrangements to do business here.
- A residence permit, if you are currently in Spain and can set up the business. There are neither minimum capital requirements nor a minimum number of jobs to create. The Spanish system is based on a case by case analyses. For this reason, business plans are required to know if the activity has a special economic interest for Spain or not.
Under the Spanish Golden Visa Program, you can apply for residency if you make one of the significant investments below in Spain:
- Real estate assets (€500,000)
- Shares or bank deposits (€1 million)
- Public debt (government bonds) (€2 million)
- Approved Business projects
Income based Visa
If you can prove annual income of €25,920 plus €6,480 for each dependent (2017 figures) and you are not a member of the EU/EEA, you can apply for the Non Lucrative Visa. This gives you the ability to reside in Spain for up to one year. After residing in Spain for 5 years you can apply for permanent residency.
If you can prove an annual income of €25,560 as well as a €6,390 for each dependent family member, you can apply for a retirement visa in Spain. Click here for more information on this visa.
Through your Family
If your spouse is an EU citizen or permanent resident in Spain, you are probably eligible for residency. Please note that your status of spouse needs to be legally recognised in this country.
If your child is a citizen or permanent resident of Spain, you may be eligible for a parental residency visa.
See the citizenship section below for more information on residency or citizenship based on your descent.
A Student Visa is available to enable you to study at schools, universities and colleges around the country. You can also study Spanish and get a student visa however you need to be enrolled in the course for a minimum of 20 hours per week. While you are studying you can also get a special permit which allows you to work up to 20 hours per week. The maximum time of studying and working can be no longer than 40 hours per week.
A new change announced at the end of 2018, allows students who have finished a degree to stay in Spain for a year to find a job.
Youth Mobility Visa
If you are an Australian, New Zealand or Japanese citizen between the ages of 18-30 or a Canadian between the ages of 18-35, you may be eligible under the Youth Mobility Visa.